Short History of Lombok Island
History of Lombok Island‘s history began with a set of animist farmers known as the Sasak, who made a little kingdom sometime before the 17th century. The Sasak made their way to Lombok long before almost all of Indonesia’s other cultural groups settled among the 13, 000 odd islands of the archipelago. It’s considered that the Sasak migrated from either Burma or midsize India, but few archaeological remains exist to confirm this theory. During the early years, Lombok was made up of dozens of small clans, each ruled by a Sasak prince. There was a constant fighting among the clans, which the neighbouring Balinese princes used to their benefit when they defeated the island.
The Balinese ruled Lombok from the center of the 1700 till the 1890 s, when the Dutch came on the scene and backed the indigenous Sasak. The Balinese were driven out following a series of bloody battles and Lombok became part of the group of islands known as the Lesser Sunda Islands. Hefty taxes levied by the Dutch driven most of Lombok’s peasants in poverty and opened the door for Chinese businessmen to exploit the financial vacuum. Things continued in this rather repressive way until Indonesia declared its independence in 1945. Sukarno, the first president of Indonesia, strove to regroup Lombok to a bigger cluster of islands known as Nusa Tenggara, but the island group proved difficult to govern.
When Sukarno was ousted in 1965, Lombok was dragged into the dark period of murder and oppression, together with numerous other portions of Indonesia. Anyone who is considered subversive by the new authorities, like communist and ethnic Chinese, was killed or homeless. Originally the president Suharto’s rather severe New Order plan brought stability and growth to the island, till prolonged famine attained a crippling peak in 1973. The majority of the locals moved away from Lombok as part of the transmigration program employed by the government. With small agricultural work and few sources, Lombok fell to a silent lull before 1980 when tourism development started to catch on.
Touting itself as a more straightforward, more natural choice to Bali, the tourism sector has gradually, but steadily grown. Sadly, throughout the wave of growth along Lombok’s shoreline, many traditional landowners were homeless as outside companies took over the territory. Indonesia is plunged into political turmoil through the late 1990 s, in response to widespread corruption. Lombok was caught up in civil unrest, and students in Mataram and Praya waged protests leading to an important drop in the tourism industry. Considering that the riots in 2000, tourists have continued to arrive in Lombok. Now considered a secure and stable traveling destination, Lombok is a popular choice to its more developed neighbor, Bali. Weather. Lying just south of the equator, Lombok consistently enjoys 12 hours of sunshine a day and warm temperatures during the year. There are two unique seasons on the island: the rainy season from October to March and the dry season from May to September.